Czech Republic - Land Forces
The Czech Republic is capable of simultaneously deploying a brigade task force for a period of six months, without rotation, a battalion task force on a six-month rotation. a company task force on a six-month rotation, and a task force up to the battalion level earmarked for the NATO Response Force (NRF) or EU Battle Groups (BG). During the deployment of a battalion task force, the armed forces are able to provide headquarters for a multinational brigade task force up to a period of one year.
Carrying out the Reform and putting the military political ambitions of this country in practice, the Czech military reached the Initial Operational Capabilities by the 31st December 2006. Since the 1st January 2007, the Czech Republic will be able to deploy up to 3,000 military personnel on peacekeeping missions abroad not applying Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty 1949. This capability represents both new quality and quantity of force as the country can provide a Brigade Task Force for allied operations. This ambition is formulated at the Military Strategy of the Czech Republic 2004. The Brigade Task Force proved its operational readiness at tactical exercise STRONG CAMPAIGNER 2006, the largest ever of the Armed Forces of the Czech Republic, which was held at Hradi歵e and Boletice military training areas from 9 to 20 October 2006.
The Land Forces represent the biggest part of the Armed Forces of the Czech Republic. In coordination with other services, they are organised to defend territorial integrity and sovereignty of the Czech Republic. Under a crisis situation and under state of war, they form the keystone of operation task force and they become part of the allied joint force. They are complemented by mobilised units and formations. The Land Forces are also pre-determined to meet obligations of international treaties.
The Land Forces cooperate with state administration authorities, with representatives of local governments and businesses, with schools, and other institutions, organisations and associations. They contribute to significant projects and events organised for the general public. Since 1990, the Land Forces Day "BAHNA" has become the greatest presentation of the service. It is held every year at the military training ground at Strasice. Its goal is to present up-to-date military equipment, and professional skills and readiness of Land Forces' soldiers.
The Land Forces combat units are characterized by high mobility, firepower and deployability throughout the entire spectrum of operational intensity. They achieve required effects through proper use of combinations of mechanized, airborne, armoured and light motorized units. Their firepower is based on precision target destruction systems employed on the battlefi eld. Soldiers use modular combat equipment that is integrated into the digital battlefi eld to enable them to receive data they need to conduct combat activities.
The Land Forces combat units are trained principally for being deployed in international operations, especially as a part of NATO/EU and other ad hoc coalitions. Therefore, their training is focused on achieving a maximum level of interoperability and is adapted to meet this objective. The Land Forces combat units are the main pillar of the Czech Armed Forces formations engaged in international operations. They are prepared for both combat missions and non-combat operations (e.g. humanitarian).
The organizational structure of the combat units and their equipment support their tasks. As a result, the units can generate task forces capable of functioning throughout the whole spectrum of operations ranging from high-intensity combat operations (armoured and mechanized units) to peace support and humanitarian operations (light motorized units).
Combat units also include special forces acting independently, jointly or in coordination with other forces throughout the entire operational spectrum. They conduct inconspicuous/discreet, covert or secret operations, seek and gather information to support tactical and strategic decision-making, achieve precise effects through direct and indirect actions through the use of kinetic as well as non-kinetic instruments, operate on land and water and carry out airborne landings. To accomplish these missions, they are equipped with tactical rotary and fixed-wing aircraft. Due to the strategic signifi cance and impact of special operations, the process of tasking the command and control of special forces comes directly down the line from the highest political-military level with a minimum number of interstages.
Special forces are composed of the Special Forces Group and their superior command element for conducting special operations. In addition, parts of other forces, both land and air, have been earmarked to support special forces in their operations as required. Command and control over special operations, training of special forces, doctrinal aspects, and development of required capabilities are under central control of the above-mentioned command element for conducting special operations. Similarly, centralized control has been instituted for the development of specifi c capabilities that are needed to support special operations conducted by designated regular forces. This approach guarantees development of capabilities which are necessary for executing special operations, and in parallel, increase the level of modularity and deployability of the armed forces in a rapidly evolving and complex environment.
Artillery units provide both general and direct fire support. Mortar units provide direct fire support to mechanised forces. Firing weapons of artillery battalions deliver precisely guided and highly efficient fi re support up to a 40 km distance under all climatic conditions. The artillery also offers other capabilities, such as remote mine-laying or smoke screening. Assigned artillery components also participate in coordinating fire support to Land Forces in joint activities with the Air Force. Artillery reconnaissance equipment has been integrated into a broader system of military intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance and early warning.
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